How Does Medical Marijuana Help With and Treat High Blood Pressure?

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High blood pressure, which is also known as hypertension, is a common health condition that occurs when blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Blood pressure is normally determined by the quantity of blood the heart pumps as well as the resistance of blood flow to the arteries. Thus, high blood pressure occurs when the heart pumps more blood, whereas the arteries are narrow.

In the long run, high blood pressure can result in medical complications and health problems. It is also possible to have high blood pressure for many years without any symptoms, all the while causing damages to your heart and blood vessels. When high blood pressure remains uncontrolled for a long time, it can result in further health complications like stroke and a heart attack. High blood pressure generally develops over many years and can unfortunately affect everyone. Like many other diseases, most people with high blood pressure show no signs, except if their blood pressure readings reach extremely high levels. Nevertheless, a few people with high blood pressure experience symptoms like headaches, nose bleeds, shortness of breath, flushing, dizziness or chest pain and this is very common when the condition becomes severe or reaches a life threatening stage.

There are several treatment options for high blood pressure (hypertension) and some of the medications used in treating the condition includes Diuretics, Beta-Blockers, Ace inhibitors, alpha-2 agonists and Calcium channel blockers. Also, healthy lifestyle changes including developing a healthy diet as well as an increase in physical activities could go a long way to regulate high blood pressure.

Many people suffering from high blood pressure have claimed using medical marijuana provides relief the condition. Such self-medicating actions have prompted debates as to whether or not marijuana can be used to treat high blood pressure.

A study that was carried out in September 2018 and published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation revealed encouraging results concerning the effects of cannabinoids or CBD on blood pressure. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not CBD reduces high blood pressure in humans. During the crossover study, 9 male volunteers were given 600 mg of CBD or placebo in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind research. Cardiovascular parameters were then measured using a finometer and laser Doppler and even though the results varied from one individual to another, it was revealed that the participants had a decrease of about 6 mm HG.

Data from this same study also showed that a single dose of CBD can reduce resting blood pressure and that the blood pressure responds to stress, notably cold stress in post-test periods. These findings may also reflect the fact that CBD has anxiolytic and analgesic effects, not leaving out any potential direct cardiovascular effects. The scientists have also expressed that there is a need for further research to be conducted to ascertain whether or not CBD has any role in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension inclusive.

Scientists have also opined that the consumption of medical cannabis has both long and short term effects on high blood pressure. According to findings from a 2005 study that was published in PMC, shortly after the consumption of medical marijuana, occasional users will experience mild to moderate dose-dependent increase in blood pressure and heart rate, which is followed by a decrease in blood pressure (a modest hypertensive effect). It should be noted that according to this study, the onset of peak effects such as an elevated heart rate or blood pressure occurs within 10 to 15 minutes of consuming cannabis. The researchers finally concluded that users of medical marijuana could develop a tolerance to the initial effects over a period spanning a few days to weeks, and that repeated use is associated with a lowered heart rate and blood pressure immediately after consumption.

It is also an established fact that the body’s endocannabinoid system plays a vital role in regulating many of the body’s key physiological functions such as cardiovascular functions. Research has also proven that anandamide, the body’s natural version of THC relaxes blood vessels allowing blood to flow through more freely and this explains why it is believed that if the body’s natural THC components can help alleviate high blood pressure, and some strains of marijuana may have a positive effect in treating the condition.

According to a report that was published by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism in 2004, endocannabinoids tonically suppresses cardiac contractility in hypertension. The report further indicated that targeting the cannabinoids system offers novel therapeutic strategies when it comes to treating hypertension. However, researchers are yet to find out if hypertension could be treated by manipulating the endocannabinoid system. Nevertheless, even though cannabinoids have been studied for their potential anti-hypertensive agent for a few decades, no cannabinoid-based medications have been officially approved for the treatment of hypertension. However, a survey that was conducted between 2005 and 2012 also indicated that medical cannabis could result in a decreased blood pressure. The objective of the study was to examine the effects of the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD).

Sources:

Mayo Clinic
Health Line
Resperate
Leafly
Cardiology Advisor

Marijuana strains reported to help with High Blood Pressure:

Sour Diesel
Northern Lights
Green Crack
Blue Dream
Purple Kush

How To Get Medical Marijuana

If you are a resident of a legal state interested in trying medical marijuana to treat High Blood Pressure or other medical conditions, you will first need to consult with a certified doctor in order to get a medical marijuana card. To get started, simply fill out the MMJ patient registration form, press submit and a physician or clinic representative will contact you as available.

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